Terms of Syntax and Morphology in the Arabic Language

المُصْطَلَحات النَّحوية والصّرفية في اللغة العربية

 

Terms of Syntax and Morphology in the Arabic Language

General عام

Word

كَلِمَة

Noun

اِسْم

Verb

فِعْل

Letter

حَرْف

Sentence

جُمْلَة

Singular

مُفرد

Plural

جَمع

Plural ( for 2)

مُثَنَى

indefinite

نكرة

Definite

مَعْرفة

Feminine

مُؤنث

Masculine

مُذَكر

Root

جِذْر

Pattern

وَزْن

Vocalization

حَرَكَة \ تَشْكيل

Noun اِسْم

Subject of a nominal sentence

مُبْتَدَأ

Predicate

خَبَر

Adjective

صفة\نعت

Subject of a verbal sentence

فاعِل

Direct object

مَفْعُول به

The noun in the genitive case

اِسْم مجرور

Adverb of place

ظَرف مكان

Adverb of time

ظَرف زمان

Pronoun

ضَمير

Verb فِعْل

Past verb

فِعْل ماضٍ

Present verb

فِعْل مُضارع

Imperative

فعل أمر

Intransitive verb

فِعل لازِم

Transitive verb

فِعل مُتَعَدٍّ

Particle حَرف

Preposition

حَرْفُ جَرّ

Coupling letter

فِحرف عَطْف

Jurative letter

حَرف قَسَم

Vowels

حَرْف عِلَّة

Sentence جُمْلَة

Nominal sentence

جُملة اسمية

Verbal sentence

جُملة فِعلية

Semi-sentence

شِبه جُمْلَة

Vocalization حَرَكَة \ تَشْكيل

( َ )

فَتْحَة

( ِ )

كَسْرَة

( ُ )

ضَمَّة

( ْ )

سُكون

( ّ )

شَدَّة

Resources

 

المصادر: مُعْجَم مُصطلحات النحو والصرف والعروض والقافية، لدكتور\ محمد إبراهيم عبادة.

Free Lessons

Small lessons for students at different levels which will help you to study Arabic anywhere in the world with total comfort.

Learning Arabic you will be able to travel to all the places where it is spoken

Learn Arabic for Free

A great collection of exclusive free resources for you to study Arabic online on your own, or complement your classes with our teachers.

FREE ONLINE ARABIC TEST

Find out your level of Arabic with the personal advice of a native teacher with this level test developed by Ahlan World. Register in 1 minute to take the test, and find out which course is most appropriate for you.

SEE ARABIC CLASS PACKAGES BY COUNTRY